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特殊句式提纲回顾 ——强调句型
 
本信息由 王乃成 于 09-13 09:57 发布 共2114次访问
 
 

                        特殊句式提纲回顾

                                                

                                强调句型

1.      陈述句形式

   It is / was + 被强调的部分+ that(被强调的部分是人或物时)/ who/that(被强调的部分是人时) /that(被强调的部分是物时)+除被强调部分以外的句子成分。

被强调的部分可以是主语,宾语和状语,但不能是定语和谓语。

It is professor Wang who teaches me English.     It was him that we met at the school gate.

It was in 1939 that the Second world War broke out.

(1)It was five o’clock ____ he finished the work. A. that  B. when  C. which   D. since

(2)It was in the house _____ he used to live that the exhibition was held.

A. where    B that.   C. which    D. there

被强调的部分也可以是主语从句,宾语从句和状语从句。

I just wonder it is what he does that makes him so excited.     

   It was only when I reread his poems recently that I began to appreciate their beauty.

   (1)It is ________ he often fails in exams ______makes his parents worried about him.

A. what ; that      B. that; what      C. that; that    D./ ; that

2.      一般疑问形式

Is / was it + 被强调的部分+ that(被强调的部分是人或物时)/ who/that(被强调的部分是人时) /that(被强调的部分是物时)+除被强调部分以外的句子成分?

 Was it during the Anti-Japanese War that he died?       

Could it be in the restaurant in which you had dinner with me yesterday that you lost your ceremony?

Was it from the lake _____ he often went fishing ______ he saved the drowning girl?

  A. that; that     B. where; where    C. where; that      D. that; where

3.      特殊疑问形式

疑问词+is/ was it + that + 其他句子成分?

Who was it that broke the window?     When was it that you called me yesterday?

What is it that you want me to do?

How can it be that he was late for the opening ceremony?

(1)---______that he managed to get the information?

  --- Oh, a friend of his helped him.

A. Where was it    B. What was it   C. How was it    D. Why was it

(2)---_____ was it _____ they discovered the entrance to the cave of the ancient paintings?

  --- It’s a total coincidence. A. How; that B. What; that C. when; when D. where; that

 4. 强调句型中的is /was前面可用must /may /might等表推测的情态动词。

It might be his father that you are thinking of.  It must have been his brother that you saw.

5.      not ---until 句型的强调句

   其强调句式为: It is/ was not until + 被强调部分+that+ 其他成分.

It was not until ten o’clock that he went to bed.     

It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star.

   思考:如果去掉It was… that… 该如何改写这两句呢?

 

 

6. 强调句型的判断

判断强调句型的使用是否正确的方法是将强调结构去掉,如果去掉强调结构后的句子仍然正确,强调句型就正确,否则就不正确.

  例8It was six years ago that he went to Tokyo.

析:该句强调句型使用正确,因为去掉强调结构后,该句仍然是一正确句子。

即:Six years ago he went to Tokyo.

---- where did you get to know her? 

   --- It was on the farm _____ we worked. A. that   B. there    C. which    D. where

  He was told that it would be at least three more months ____ he could recover and return to work.  A. when      B. before    C. since   D. that

  

7.      强调句与其他从句的混用.

 强调句和时间状语从句的混用

 It was in 1988 when he was in middle school that he was nearly drowned.

强调句和定语从句的混用

It was in Beihai Park where they made a date that the old couple told us their love story.

强调句和名词性从句的混用

It was at the very beginning that Mr Smith made a decision that we should send for a doctor.

(1)   Was it _____she heard with her ears ______really made her frightened?

A. whatthat     B. it; that     C. that; which    D. what/

        (2) It is in this very village, _____ Mary was born 35 yeas ago, _____she will build

          her first school, ______inspires everyone to help her.

         A. where; that; which      B. that; that; that 

 C. that; when; which      D. where; when; that

8.      其他形式的强调: 助动词do 对谓语动词的强调

     Do come this evening.    He did write to you last week.

 
 
 
 
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